Fig trees are one of the most natural trees to handle in a garden. You must know when to prune a fig tree. If the task of pruning fig trees is done effectively, you will have the sweetest figs to treat.
Pruning fig trees help in circulating the sugar and hormones in the braid from branches to up into the fruits. However, you only have to do the pruning for the first two years of the plantation after that the tree can stand on its own with occasional care.
Here is a step by step guide to pruning fig trees
Step 1: The Time to do The First Pruning
Everyone has a different answer to this question. Some say that you should do it immediately; meanwhile, some suggest waiting until the first dormant period is over.
However, we suggest that you go for pruning when you transplant it. Occasional pruning helps trees to focus the energy on growing.
If you are unsure, then the source from where you get the fig tree is the best place to take advice m.
Step 2: How Much to Trim in the First Time
When you prune the fig tree for the 1st time, you need to cut a significant part of the plant’s trunk. This way, when the fig is planted in the garden, it will establish its roots well in the ground and be strong in the long run. Also, the branches will grow horizontally, and the tree will be bushy instead of lanky.
Step 3: Pruning The Fig Tree’s Older Branches
When the 2nd dormant period of the tree is over, inspect the tree and select the most substantial branches in the tree. The branches that have given the fruit and are the older ones are the weakest. It would help if you pruned all these branches off. This way, your tree will provide you with healthy fruit, and the action will restrict the height of the tree.
Step 4: Maintenance
Once the initial years have gone by, the pruning will turn to be a rare event. It would be great if you did it in the winter (when the hardest winter has passed by). At this time, the tree will not be growing, which reduces the risk of shocking or damaging the tree during the pruning process.
Step 5: Removing the Suckers
As your fig tree grows older, it will start suckers. Suckers are branches that appear at the base of the fig tree. They look similar to the fig tree, but they don’t stem from the main branch. They are not useful and need to be pruned as they suck energy from the tree and weaken it. Also, the suckers will make the tree unable to focus the energy on fruit production or foliage.
The most important part of gardening is the pruning and more so of trees that give fruits. Figs are easy to grow and maintain if pruning fig tree is done efficiently in the first two years, you can relax in the years after and enjoy the fruit with occasional pruning.